Photography Composition Guide
Annie Spratt avatar
Written by Annie Spratt
Updated over a week ago

What is composition in photography?

Photography composition refers to how the visual elements within a frame are arranged to create a shot. It is more than just focusing on the main subject. Good composition is the key to create well-balanced and engaging images.

While there are no set rules, understanding the main principles of photography composition can help you create higher quality photos and produce more visually interesting images.

The rule of thirds

The rule of thirds is probably the most popular principle of photography composition. This technique involves dividing the frame into 9 equal parts using two vertical and two horizontal lines. The main subject of an image should be placed where the lines intersect, rather than in the center of the frame. This creates a more balanced and dynamic composition.


Balance is also important in photography composition. In a balanced image the various elements complement each other in an harmonious way. Try to keep a good balance of empty vs non empty spaces.

Leading lines

Leading lines are lines within the frame that draw the viewer's eye towards the main subject or point of interest. These lines can be straight, curved, or diagonal and can be created by natural elements like roads, rivers, or tree branches, or by man-made elements like buildings or bridges.


Framing is the technique of using elements within the photograph to create a frame around the main subject or point of interest. Framing can add a sense of depth to images if used in the right way. Foreground elements with a shallow depth of field are are a common framing technique.

Depth of field

Depth of field refers to the amount of the photograph that is in focus. A shallow depth of field can create a sense of depth and separation between the main subject and the background, while a deep depth of field creates less distance and makes the images look more natural.

Point of view

Perspective and point of view can change the way the viewer perceives the image. Shooting from a low angle can make the subject appear larger and more imposing, while shooting from a high angle can make the subject appear smaller and more vulnerable. A wider angle creates more natural and realistic images as opposed to a telephoto lens that creates distance between the subject and the viewer.

Did this answer your question?